Although ADHD is a highly common childhood disorder, many people are unaware that there are actually three types of ADHD, each having different symptoms. The common symptoms of ADHD are well known – hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Yet some children have predominantly hyperactive or impulsive ADHD, while others have predominantly inattentive ADHD, and still others have a combination of the two.
The first of the three types of ADHD involves hyperactivity and impulsivity. It goes without saying that children with this type of ADHD are those who fidget, feel restless and talk all the time. These are the kids who seem to be driven by a motor that never shuts off. Hyperactive children have difficulty staying seated in situations in which sitting quietly is expected, such as at school or in church. These kids also demonstrate an inability to wait their turn, will often interrupt others and may blurt out answers before the question has been completely asked.
Children who have inattentive ADHD are highly distractible and have trouble paying attention to detail, which is most often seen in the careless mistakes they make in their schoolwork. These kids can have difficulty organizing themselves and their belongings, and as a result, often lose things that are necessary for completing tasks. When spoken to, children with inattentive ADHD seem as though they aren’t listening. They also demonstrate an inability to sustain attention long enough to complete a task, whether it’s homework, chores or even leisure activities. As such, they will often have a number of projects in the works, all of which are incomplete. Because these behaviors can especially impact a child’s school performance, this is often the most frustrating of the three types of ADHD for teachers.
As the name suggests, combined type ADHD is reserved for children who display both inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive symptoms. These children are especially distractible due to the interplay of inattention and hyperactive traits. The combined type is the “prototypical” ADHD, as it is by far the most common of the three types of ADHD among children.
The type diagnosis depends on which symptoms are predominant. At least six symptoms must be present for a type diagnosis to take place, or in the case of combined type, children must exhibit at least six symptoms of both hyperactive/impulsive type and inattentive type. Regardless of the diagnosis, however, there are wide array of treatments to help children manage their ADHD symptoms. For more information about ADHD and treatments for ADHD, go to https://learningbreakthrough.com/specific-challenges/drug-free-add/adhd-alternative-treatment.