Spatial awareness is the organized perception, tracking and monitoring of the objects in the space around us as well as our body’s position in that same space. Without this awareness we would not be able to pick food up from our plates and put it in our mouth. We would have trouble reading because we could not see the letters in their correct relation to each other and to the page. Athletes would not have the precise awareness of the position of other players on the field and the movement of the ball which is necessary to play effectively. It is another fundamental brain function that informs all higher level cognitive activities.
Spatial awareness requires that we have a model of the three dimensional space around us and it requires that we can integrate information from all of our senses.
Studies have suggested a link between a well developed sense of spatial awareness and artistic creativity, success in math and analytical skills that are brught to bear on all problem solving tasks. It can also be important in the development of abstract thought. The ability to organize and classify abstract mental concepts is related to the ability to organize and classify objects in space. Visual thinkers, in particular, tend to use their visual imagination to organize abstract thought.
Because spatial awareness is so important in all activities of human life, from the most basic to the most advanced, deficiencies in spatial awareness can hold people back from achieving their true potential. However, because spatial awareness requires integrating the information from the different senses into the three-dimensional model of the world provided by the vestibular system, activities which refine the vestibular system and develop sensory integration help refine all aspects of brain processing.