Binocular teaming is the ability of both eyes to work together to provide accurate information to the brain. Binocularity and stereopsis (the working together of the two eyes in providing different views to the brain which are integrated into one image) are important visual processing skills and are responsible for providing depth perception. These visual perception skills are necessary in order to perform a variety of visual tasks such as tracking, fixating, converging and visual motor integration. These tasks are important for reading, writing and functioning in the classroom or workplace. Inability to perform these tasks well has a detrimental effect on an individual’s ability to function in society. It also has a tremendously negative effect on children in the classroom.
In order to deal with binocular deficiencies it is important to become involved in some type of vision therapy. There are many types of therapies available which help to address these problems. When choosing a vision therapy approach it is important to remember that vision is a brain process of which the eyes are only a part. It is also important to remember that vision is not a process unto itself but is tightly integrated with, and dependent upon, the vestibular system (sense of balance). A variety of vision problems occur when both eyes do not work properly together. For instance, one eye might not be processing as much information as the other, one or both eyes may not focus at a specific point due to over or under-convergence and/or there may be vertical or horizontal alignment problems that cause the aim of the eyes to be incorrect.
Since the visual system is closely integrated with the vestibular system (sense of balance), the Learning Breakthrough Program is designed with products and activities that make demands on the brain in terms of balance while simultaneously stimulating the visual system to improve binocular teaming and visual processing.